Re: Is Matthew 12:40 Using Common Idiomatic Language?
It's true the Jews counted any part of a day as a day so looking at the grave that way does accommodate three days but that still leaves a problem; the prophecy specifically says three "days" AND three nights. The only way that can be fulfilled is to have the crucifixion occur on Thursday. That's what I've come to believe happened because I trust the Bible.
We've come to believe the crucifixion was on Friday for one reason; the next day was Sabbath (Saturday). But ALL Jewish holidays were Sabbaths. I suspect the Passover was Friday, leaving the normal Saturday in place as two back to back Sabbaths. There are no prophecy contradictions or mental gymnastics needed IF the cross was on Thursday. ??
From what I understand, there were no special observances of Easter/Resurrection Day until many years after the event. It was hundreds of years later that the Roman church had drifted into thinking Jewish stuff didn't matter so observing Passover became a meaningless leftover Jewish subject. It was easy for them to then suppose the crucifixion occurred on "Good" Friday because everyone knew displayed dead bodies wouldn't be acceptable to Jews on a Saturday Sabbath. The rest of church history has mistakenly followed the early Roman pattern. I think.
(There are a lot more residual Roman church doctrines floating around than many people would think. The supposed possibility of losing one's salvation for instance!)
I don't have a Phd, not even a BA. But I do have a DD214.
Common sense is an uncommon virtue