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:D When im shooting target I dont really worry about a hangfire in any of my bp rifles. Once in a while it will sneak up on ya and grap ya by the shorts though. When I prepare/load mine for hunting I first remove the nipple and put in 5 grains of 4ff,and the replace the nipple,and load in the normal way. With this the chance of a hangfire is about as close to "O " as ya can gets. I dont reduce the load any,like if im shooting with 100 of 2f or cartridge,I dont subtract for the additional 5 grains of 4f. Just a point of interest gentleman. 8) 8) King
 

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I have only a faint memory of hangfires since I used the last of my Pyrodex about 17 years ago. The stuff drove me nuts. I found it only worked for me in an "in-line" ignition system. By that I mean a cap-n-ball revolver - not the other, newer in-lines about which I know nothing. At the time I though maybe it would reduce some of the gooey-ness associated with shooting those pistols.

Seems that Pyro flash has a hard time turning corners. With BP there is never a doubt. I've used it exclusively for some 20 years now in my Tennessee Mountain Rifle and my GPR .50. I have never had a hangfire with BP in those guns - no matter the weather.

I shot muzzleloaders for 12 years before I ever touched a cartridge gun. I just didn't have the interest because I was having so much success with BP - especially during those special seasons. For those interested, here is my "method" for eliminating the chance of hangfire.

1. When you get your rifle, make sure that the hammer cup strikes as square as possible onto the nipple. They don't always line up and a "half-moon" strike pattern on the hammer cup will certainly tell you. More importantly, look to see that the hammer is aligned with the nipple. It should strike full on and not hit the side of the cup first. Use dry BP only.

2. As a religion, swab your bore with more than a dry patch before shooting. Actually, clean it to remove your storage lube. Then dry swab to dry. Make sure you remove that cleanout screw at the nipple bolster (on the GPR type) and treat that bolster like the barrel. Dry it. On a removeable bolster like the Tennessee, remove it and do the same. Use dry BP only.

3. Now, pop at least three caps before loading - use more caps if the sound is not uniform and the pressure form the muzzle does not move a blade of grass. Caps are cheaper than dirt so replace them every year. Yes, I have used some very old caps that worked fine but that was a long time ago and I just don't do that anymore. Use dry BP only.

Now, if your flash channel does not have a large tooling burr somewhere that is blocking, and the breech threads are not too far into the chamber, it will go off. It simply has to. And, did I say to use dry Black Powder only?
 

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HangFires

My last hangfire was with Pyrodex, too. I was on my 8th or 9th shot out of a Hastings BP barrel for the Remington 1100, using Winchester 209 primers. Sold the barrel when I got a Knight, and started using replica powders other than Pyrodex. No hangfires since.
 

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I just replaced the nipple on my GPR with one of DGW's "Ampco" nipples. Now I'm getting hang fires. I'm using Pyrodex Select 'cause I'm too danged cheap to throw it out. I think the problem is the nipple...the leetle, teeny hole at the bottom is too leetle teeny. It's also very difficult to find a drill smaller than .015625" and .03125". I'm still looking.
 

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Charlie Detroit,

You might try to find a hardware that carries number drills. If nowhere else, an industrial supply house will stock these. #79 drills are nominal 0.0145" diameter, #80 drills are 0.0135" diameter and so on down through #97 which, if memory serves is about 0.0051". And there is a series of even smaller "Swiss" drills. The catch is that any of these come packaged by the dozen, or in an assortment containing one of each.

The real question is why is the flash hole so small? I've seen this contribute to ignition problems. I've enlarged flash hole (considering each application individually) as required in the past. Be sure that you don't go too far if you decide to enlarge any flash hole. This can create real problems.

Bob
 

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:-D :-D keep the ampco nipple , and set it aside,untill you get real black, but untill then call dixie back up and have a musket nipple order and your hangfires and eveyone elses hang fire will dissipate, musket caps are a little more money but they are much hotter than any number 11 cap , ive got muskat nipples on all my fifles but one which weres a ampco for shooting at nmlra matchs, and both 12 ga were ampco nipples al others support a rock for a rael interesting new reliability problem for some folks , just keep the cap guns around for fun, hope this helps everyone.
kevin
 

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I'm not familiar with the Ampco nipple because I've had "Uncle Mike's of Oregon" in my guns for so long that I can't remember putting them in. They are stainless with an .031 flash hole. They also are vented up near the top of the nipple with a .016 thru hole (perpendicular) to prevent the hammer from recoiling to half-cock. It also allows the fire to breath a little as it will suck in air for a split second before trying to back-fire. This makes a hot flash and the vent allows pressure to escape on the way back. No kidding - they actually think of these things.

If the flash hole is too big it will allow too much exhaust to be directed right at your eye. I had a Mississippi Rifle Model of 1841 with a rather large flash hole (.062) and it was murder. The back pressure would blow apart the cap and send shrapnel back at my handsome face. Well, that went over like fart in church. I went with an Uncle Mike's for muskets and it was perfect.
 

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Hangfires

I agree with Loozinit. I use the Uncle Mike's stainless nipple or the Knight 1/4X28 stainless with red coloring on it; boy, are they high priced. The drop-in T/C 1:66 Patch barrel has a weird flash channel and I suffered hangfires embarrasingly at matches,until I switched to the above nipples. Yes, I was using GOEX 2F.
 

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I solved the hangfires I was having by swabbing the bore between shots, then firing a cap before loading to clear the fire channel. You need to fire a cap before you load because I found that sometimes, the swabbing would clog up the fire chanel with fouling.
 
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